Section 1000: By-Laws
Table of ContentS
ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION
- Policy 1110 School District and Board of Education Legal Status
- Policy 1120 Board of Education Authority
- Policy 1130 Number of Members and Terms of Office
NOMINATION AND ELECTION OF BOARD OF EDUCATION MEMBERS
- Policy 1210 Board of Education Members: Qualifications
- Policy 1220 Board of Education Members: Nomination and Election
- Policy 1230 Reporting of Expenditures and Contributions
- Policy 1240 Resignation and Dismissal
THE ROLE OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION
- Policy 1310 Powers and Duties of the Board
- Policy 1320 Nomination and Election of Board Officers
- Policy 1321 Duties of the President of the Board of Education
- Policy 1322 Duties of the Vice President of the Board of Education
- Policy 1330 Appointments and Designations by the Board of Education
- Policy 1331 Duties of the District Clerk
- Policy 1332 Duties of the School District Treasurer
- Policy 1333 Duties of the Tax Collector
- Policy 1334 Duties of the Independent Auditor
- Policy 1335 Appointment and Duties of the Internal Claims Auditor
- Policy 1336 Duties of the Extra classroom Activities Fund Treasurer(s)
- Policy 1337 Duties of the School Attorney
- Policy 1338 Duties of the School Physician/Nurse Practitioner
MEETINGS OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION
- Policy 1510 Regular Board Meetings
- Policy 1511 Agenda Format
- Policy 1520 Special Meetings of the Board of Education
MEETINGS OF THE DISTRICT
- Policy 1610 Annual District Meeting and Election/Budget Vote
- Policy 1611 Business of the Annual District Election
- Policy 1620 Annual Organizational Meeting
- Policy 1630 Legal Qualifications of Voters at School District Meetings
- Policy 1640 Absentee Ballots
- Policy 1650 Submission of Questions and Propositions at Annual Elections and Special District Meetings
RULES OF MEETINGS
Policy 1110 School District and Board of Education Legal Status
The Constitution of New York State, as amended in 1894, instructs the Legislature to provide for a system of free common schools wherein all children of the State may be educated.
The Legislature of the State has implemented this constitutional mandate through the creation of school districts of various types. The Cooperstown Central School District is governed by the laws set forth for Central School Districts in Article 37 of the Education Law.
The School District constitutes a corporate entity that possesses all the usual powers of a corporation for public purposes and in that name may sue and be sued, purchase, hold and sell personal property and real estate and enter into such obligations as are authorized by law.
The Constitution of the State of New York places the responsibility for public education on the State Legislature, and directs the establishment of a State Department of Education for general supervision over the schools and headed by a Commissioner of Education. The New York State Constitution further provides that local public schools under the general supervision of the State Education Department shall be maintained, developed and operated by locally elected boards. Legally, local boards are instruments of the New York State Constitution, the New York Statutes and the regulations of the State Education Department and its Commissioner.
New York State Constitution
Education Law Articles 33, 35, 37, 51 and 53 Back to Top
Policy 1120 Board of Education Authority
As a body created under the Education Law of New York State, the Board of Education of the Cooperstown Central School District has full authority, within the limitations of federal and state laws and the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education and interpretations of them, to carry out the will of the people of its District in matters of education.
In all cases where laws or regulations of the State Commissioner of Education do not provide, permit, or prohibit, the Board shall consider itself the agent responsible for establishing and appraising educational matters and activities.
Board members have no authority over school affairs as individuals. They have authority only when acting as a body duly called in session.
Education Law Sections 1604, 1701, 1709, 1804, 1805, 2502 and 2503 Back to Top
Policy 1130 Number of Members and Terms of Office
The Board of Education of the Cooperstown Central School District shall consist of seven (7) members elected by the qualified voters of the School District at the annual election as prescribed by law.
Members of the Board of Education shall serve for three (3) years beginning July 1 following their election and each term shall expire on the thirtieth day of June of the third year.
Education Law Sections 1602, 1702(1), 1804(1), 2105 and 2502 Back to Top
Policy 1210 Board of Education Members: Qualifications
A Board of Education member of the Cooperstown Central School District must meet the following qualifications:
- A citizen of the United States;
- Eighteen (18) years of age or older;
- Able to read and write;
- A legal resident of the district for a continuous and uninterrupted period of at least one (1) year prior to the election;
- Cannot be an employee of the Cooperstown Central School District;
- At any given time only one member of a household/family can be a member of the Cooperstown Central School Board;
- May not simultaneously hold another, incompatible public office;
- Must not have been removed from a school district office within one (1) year preceding the date of appointment or election to the Board.
Education Law Sections 1804(i), 1950(9), 2101, 2102, 2103, 2103-a, 2130(i), and 2502(7)
Public Officers Law Section 3
Town Law Section 23(1) Back to Top
Policy 1220 Board of Education Members: Nomination and Election
- Candidates for the office of member of the Board of Education shall be nominated by a petition directed to the Clerk of the School District which is signed by at least twenty-five (25) qualified voters of the District, or by two percent (2%) of the number of voters who voted in the previous annual election, whichever is greater. Petitions must state the residence of each signer, the name and residence of each candidate.
- The notice of the annual District meeting must state that petitions nominating candidates for the Board of Education must be filed with the Clerk of the District no later than 30 days before the annual or special district meeting at which the school board election will occur, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.
- Voting will be by machine, and provision shall be made for the election by “write-in-vote” of any candidate not previously nominated. The position of candidates on ballots shall be determined by lot at a drawing conducted by the District Clerk on the day after the last filing. Candidates or their proxies may be present for the drawing.
- The hours of voting shall be as indicated by Board resolution.
- The candidates receiving the largest number of votes shall be declared elected in accordance with Education Law.
- At least ten (10) days prior to the election, the Board shall appoint at least two (2) inspectors of election for each voting machine, and set their salary.
- The District Clerk shall oversee the election. The Clerk shall give notice immediately to each person declared elected to the Board, informing him/her of the election and his/her term of office.
- Only qualified voters as determined by Education Law (Section 2012) may vote at any District meeting or election.
- No electioneering will be allowed within one hundred (100) feet of the polling place.
- When a term of office expires at the end of a school year and the office has become vacant at the time of election, the person elected to fill the new full term vacancy also fills the remaining days of the previous term, beginning his/her term of office immediately upon election and the taking and filing of the oath of office.
Education Law Sections 2004, 2012, 2018, 2025, 2029,
2031-a, 2032, 2034(7)(d), 2105(14), 2121, 2502,
2602, 2608(1) and 2610 Back to Top
Policy 1230 Reporting of Expenditures and Contributions
Each candidate for the position of member of the Board of Education whose expenses and/or contributions received exceed five hundred dollars ($500) must file a statement accounting for his/her campaign expenditures and contributions with the District Clerk and an additional statement with the Commissioner of Education. In the event the expenses do not exceed five hundred dollars ($500) and the aggregate amount of all contributions made to the candidate do not exceed $500, then a sworn statement to that effect must only be filed with the District Clerk.
Required contribution statements shall include:
- The dollar amount and/or fair market value of any receipt, contribution or transfer which is other than money;
- The name and address of the transferor, contributor or person from whom received;
- If that transferor, contributor or person is a political committee as defined in Section 14-100 of the Election Law;
- The name and political unit represented by the committee;
- The date of receipt;
- The dollar amount of every expenditure;
- The name and address of the person to whom the expenditure was made, or the name of and political unit represented by the committee to which it was made; and
- The date of the expenditure.
The times for filing the statements are as follows:
- The first statement on or before the thirtieth day preceding the election to which it relates;
- A second statement on or before the fifth day before the election;
- A third statement within twenty days after the election.
Any contribution or loan in excess of $1000 received after the close of the period covered in the last statement filed before the election (b above) but before the election itself shall be reported within 24 hours after receipt.
All statements must be sworn before a notary public, a commissioner of deeds, a lawyer or a public official authorized by New York State law to administer oaths.
Education Law Sections 1528 and 1529
Election Law Section 14-100(1) Back to Top
Policy 1240 Resignation and Dismissal
Board members may resign at a District meeting of residents (i.e., the annual meeting, not a regular Board of Education meeting) or by filing a written resignation with the District Superintendent of the Supervisory District who must endorse his/her approval and file the resignation with the District Clerk.
Alternatively, a Board member may resign under Public Officers Law Section 31 by filing a written resignation with the District Clerk. The Clerk must then notify the School Board and the State Board of Elections.
A resignation may be withdrawn only with the consent of the person to whom the resignation was delivered (i.e., the District Clerk or BOCES District Superintendent). The School Board has no authority to act upon a request to withdraw a resignation.
The resignation shall take effect upon the date specified in the letter of resignation; however, if no effective date is specified, it shall take effect on the date of delivery to or filing with the District Clerk. If an effective date is specified in the letter of resignation, such date shall not be more than thirty (30) days subsequent to the date of its delivery or filing.
It shall be the duty of each member of the Board of Education to attend all meetings of the Board and, if any member shall refuse to attend three (3) consecutive meetings of the Board after having been regularly notified and a satisfactory cause for each non-attendance is not shown, the Board will proceed to declare that office vacant.
A Board member may be removed from office by the Commissioner of Education for willful violation of any provision of law, neglect of duty, or willfully disobeying any decision, order or regulation of the Commissioner. The Board of Education may also remove a Board member for misconduct relating to the exercise of authority as a Board member. A written copy of all charges made of such misconduct must be served upon the Board member at least ten (10) days before the time designated for a hearing on the charges; and the Board member shall be allowed a full and fair opportunity to refute such charges before removal.
In the event of death, resignation, removal from office or from the School District, or refusal to serve of a Board member, the District has the power and duty to fill the vacancy. If the Board chooses to fill the vacancy by appointment, the appointment requires a majority vote of the full Board and shall be only for a term ending with the next annual election of the School District at which time such vacancy shall be filled in a regular manner for the balance of the unexpired term.
The Board, at its own option, may instead call a special election within ninety (90) days to fill the unexpired term. If not filled by Board appointment or special election, the District Superintendent of the Supervisory District may appoint a competent person to fill the vacancy until the next annual election. Alternatively, the Commissioner of Education may order a special election for filling a vacancy. When such special election is ordered, the vacancy shall not be otherwise filled.
A person elected or appointed to fill a vacancy shall take office immediately upon filing the oath of office.
A Board member who has been removed from office shall be ineligible to appointment or election to any office in the District for a period of one (1) year from the date of such removal.
Education Law Sections 306, 1607, 1706, 1709(17)(18), 1804(1), 2103(2), 2109, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2502, 2503, and 2553
Public Officers Law Sections 30, 31 and 35 Back to Top
Policy 1310 Powers and Duties of the Board
As a Central School District, the Board of Education shall have powers and duties as set forth in New York State Education Law, principally Articles 33, 35 and 37, and other applicable Federal and State laws and regulations. In general, the Board shall have in all respects the superintendence, management and control of the educational affairs of the District and shall have all the powers necessary to exercise these powers expressly granted to it by the laws of New York State and the Commissioner of Education.
Education Law Sections 1604, 1709, 1804, and 2503
NOTE: Refer also to Policy #6540 — Defense and Indemnification of Board Members and Employees Back to Top
Policy 1320 Nomination and Election of Board Officers
Officers of the Board of Education shall be nominated and elected by the simple majority of the Board at its Annual Organizational Meeting for a term of one (1) year. They will take their oath as officers at this meeting along with newly elected members.
The elected officers of the Board of Education are:
- a) President;
- b) Vice President.
Education Law Sections 1701, 2105(6) and 2502 Back to Top
Policy 1321 Duties of the President of the Board of Education
The President’s duties include the following:
- Presides at all meetings of the Board;
- Calls special meetings as necessary or on request;
- Appoints members to all committees of the Board;
- Serves ex-officio as a member of all committees;
- Executes documents on behalf of the Board;
- Performs the usual and ordinary duties of the office.
Education Law Section 1701 Back to Top
Policy 1322 Duties of the Vice President of the Board of Education
The Board of Education may, in its discretion, elect one (1) of its members Vice President who shall have the power to exercise the duties of the President in case of the absence or disability of the President. In case of vacancy in the office of the President, the Vice President shall act as President until a President is elected.
Education Law Section 1701 Back to Top
Policy 1330 Appointments and Designations by the Board of Education
The Board is authorized to appoint individuals to positions which will facilitate the meeting of its responsibilities to the State, the School System, and the community. These appointments usually take place at the Annual Organizational Meeting.
The following shall be appointed annually:
- District Clerk;
- District Treasurer;
- Deputy Treasurer;
- Tax Collector;
- District Auditor (independent);
- Treasurer, Extraclassroom Activities Account.
- Deputy Treasurer Extraclassroom Activities Account;
- Internal Claims Auditor;
- School Health Officers;
- School Attorney;
- Records Access Officer;
- Records Management Officer;
- AHERA Local Educational Agency (L.E.A.) designee; and
- Committee on Special Education and Committee on Preschool Special Education.
The following must be appointed but need not be reappointed annually:
- Supervisor of Attendance;
- Title IX/Section 504/ADA Compliance Officer;
- Liaison for Homeless Children and Youth;
The following may also be appointed:
- Insurance Advisor;
- Census Enumerator and assistants;
- Chemical Hygiene Officer.
The following designations shall be made by the Board of Education at the Annual Organizational Meeting in July:
- Petty Cash Fund(s);
- Official Newspaper(s);
- Official Bank Depositories;
- Official Bank Signatories;
- Purchasing Agent;
- Certifier of Payrolls;
- Designated Educational Official to receive court notification regarding a student’s sentence/adjudication in certain criminal cases and juvenile delinquency proceedings.
- Approval of attendance at conferences, conventions, workshops, and the like;
- Superintendent to approve budget transfers within limits prescribed by Commissioner’s Regulation Section 170.2 and Board guidelines;
- Superintendent to apply for Grants in Aid (State and Federal) as appropriate;
- Establish mileage reimbursement rate;
- Other(s) as deemed appropriate/necessary.
Education Law Sections 305(31), 1709 and 2503
McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act,
Section 722, as reauthorized by the No Child Left
Behind Act of 2001
29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.1450
Adopted: 11/16/05 Back to Top
Policy 1331 Duties of the District Clerk
The District Clerk will be appointed by the Board at its Annual Organizational Meeting and will serve for a period of one (1) year. The Clerk’s duties include the following:
- Attends all meetings of the Board and keeps a record of its proceedings and records, by name, those in attendance;
- Prepares minutes of the meetings of the Board, obtains approval of the minutes by the Board at the next meeting, signs the minutes to signify their official standing and forwards copies of the minutes to each member of the Board of Education;
- Sends notices of special meetings to members of the Board; contacts and communicates with members as required;
- Sees that the proper legal notices and announcements are published on all specifications and items out on bid, in accordance with state law;
- Maintains an up-to-date record of Board policies and by-laws;
- Delivers to, and collects from, the President (or Vice President) such papers for signature as may be necessary;
- Distributes notices to the public announcing availability of copies of the budget to be presented at the annual District meeting in compliance with the requirements of the State Education Law;
- Administers oaths of office, as required by Section 10, Public Officers Law;
- Gives written notice of appointment to persons appointed as inspectors of election;
- Calls all meetings to order in the absence of the President and Vice President;
- Assumes other duties customary to the office.
The above duties of the District Clerk are not intended to be complete but should serve as a comprehensive guide in undertaking the duties of this office. The District Clerk shall perform such other duties as may be assigned from time to time by the Board.
Education Law Section 2121
Public Officers Law Section 104 Back to Top
Policy 1332 Duties of the School District Treasurer
The Treasurer is appointed by the Board of Education at the Annual Organizational Meeting and will be covered by a blanket bond. In addition to the routine duties of accounting, filing, posting and preparing reports and statements concerning District finances, the District Treasurer shall perform other specific tasks as follows:
a) Acts as custodian of all moneys belonging to the School District and lawfully deposits these moneys in the depositories designated by the Board;
b) Pays all authorized obligations of the District as directed, including payments of bond principal and interest;
c) Maintains proper records and files of all checks, and approved payment of bills and salaries;
d) Makes all such entries and posts to all such financial ledgers, records and reports, including bond and note registers, as may be properly required to afford the District an acceptable and comprehensive financial accounting of the use of its moneys and financial transactions;
e) Signs all checks drawn on District fund accounts provided that the District's Claims Auditor has attested to the authority to issue the check based upon proper evidence of a charge against the District's funds;
f) Safeguards either his/her electronic signature and/or the check-signing machine and signature plate, personally overseeing all preparation of checks;
g) Assumes other duties customary to the office.
The duties of the School District Treasurer are performed by the School Business Administrator.
Education Law Sections 2122, 2130 and 2523
Local Finance Law Sections 163 and 165
8 NYCRR Sections 170.2(g), 170.2(o) and 170.2(p)
9 NYCRR Section 540.4
Policy 1333 Duties of the Tax Collector
The Tax Collector is appointed annually by the Board of Education and shall be covered by a bond. It shall be the responsibility of the District Tax Collector to perform the following duties:
- Prepares and mails tax notices;
- Uses suitable printed tax receipt forms as prescribed by the State Tax Commission;
- Collects taxes in the amount of the warrant, upon the issuance of the tax warrant by the Board of Education and penalty fees in accordance with the terms of such warrant;
- Turns over daily to the School District Treasurer all money collected by virtue of any tax list and warrant issued;
- Submits a report, certified by him/her to the Board of Education, showing the amount of taxes and fees collected along with the unpaid listing. The combination of taxes collected and uncollected shall equal the amount of the warrant;
- Turns over to the County Treasurer, prior to November 15, a list of unpaid taxes;
- Carries out such other duties of the position as prescribed in the Education Law, Real Property Tax Law or as established by the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education.
Education Law Sections 2126, 2130 and 2506
Real Property Tax Law Sections 922, 924, 1322,
1330 and 1338
8 New York Code of Rules and Regulations (NYCRR) Section 170.2 Back to Top
Policy 1334 Duties of the Independent Auditor
The Board by law shall obtain an annual audit of its records by an independent certified public accountant or an independent public accountant, and a copy of the certified audit in a form prescribed by the Commissioner must be accepted by the Board and furnished annually to the State Education Department.
Education Law Section 2116-a
8 New York Code of Rules and Regulations
(NYCRR) Sections 170.2 and 170.3 Back to Top
Policy 1335 Appointment and Duties of the Internal Claims Auditor
The Board may appoint an internal claims auditor who shall hold the position subject to the pleasure of the Board. No person shall be eligible for appointment to the office of internal claims auditor who shall be:
- A member of the Board;
- The Clerk or Treasurer of the Board;
- The official of the District responsible for business management;
- The Purchasing Agent;
- Clerical personnel directly involved in accounting and purchasing functions.
- Valid claims against the District shall be paid by the Treasurer only upon the approval of the Internal Claims Auditor. The Internal Claims Auditor shall:
- Examine all claim forms with respect to the availability of funds within the appropriate codes and adequacy of evidence to support the District’s expenditure;
- Substantiate receipts or other revenues or expenditures;
- Meet such other requirements as may be established by the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education and/or the Comptroller of the State of New York.
Education Law Sections 1709(20-a) and 2526 Back to Top
Policy 1336 Duties of the Extra classroom Activities Fund Treasurer(s)
The Extraclassroom Activities Funds Treasurer is appointed by the Board of Education and is responsible for the supervision of the extraclassroom activities funds.
The Treasurer’s duties include the following:
- Countersigns all checks disbursing funds from the Extraclassroom Activities Account;
- Provides general supervision to ensure that all receipts are deposited and that disbursements are made by check only;
- Maintains records of all receipts and expenditures;
- Submits records and reports to the Board as required;
- Assumes other duties customary to the position.
8 New York Code of Rules and Regulations (NYCRR) Part 172 Back to Top
Policy 1337 Duties of the School Attorney
The Board of Education shall employ a School Attorney who shall be responsible to the Board of Education for guidance on all affairs which are of a legal nature, including, but not limited to:
- Negotiation of all legal charges and processes for each bond issue and construction and/or reconstruction of new buildings;
- Legal counsel on matters referred to him/her to determine legality of procedure;
- Matters related to “due process” hearings or procedures.
Policy 1338 Duties of the School Physician/Nurse Practitioner
The School Physician/Nurse Practitioner shall be appointed by the Board of Education. The duties of the School Physician/Nurse Practitioner shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Performs professional medical services in the examination and care of school children;
- Performs routine examinations of school children to detect the presence of contagious diseases and physical defects;
- Serves as an on call member on the Committee on Special Education;
- Reports to the Board on school health services;
- Coordinates scheduling for physical examinations to all students participating in interscholastic athletics;
- Develops the program of health service in accordance with policies approved by the Board and as directed by the Superintendent of Schools;
- Conducts a medical evaluation on any employee at the request of the Board of Education.
Education Law Sections 902 and 913 Back to Top
Policy 1410 Policy
The Board of Education shall reserve to itself the function of providing guides for the discretionary action of those to whom it delegates authority. The Superintendent shall act as an advisor to the Board in the adoption and approval of written Board policies. The Board shall seek input from the staff and community where appropriate. These guides for discretionary action shall constitute the policies governing the operation of the School System.
The formulation and adoption of these written policies shall constitute the basic method by which the Board of Education shall exercise its leadership in the operation of the School System. The study and evaluation of reports concerning the execution of its written policies shall constitute the basic method by which the Board of Education shall exercise its control over the operation of the School System.
The adoption of a written policy shall occur only after the proposal has been moved, discussed and voted on affirmatively at two (2) separate meetings of the Board of Education (i.e., the "first reading" and the "second reading"). The policy draft may be amended at the second meeting. By a majority vote, the Board may waive the "second reading" and complete the adoption of the proposed policy at its "first reading."
The formal adoption of written Board policy shall be recorded in the official minutes of the Board. Such written Board policy shall govern the conduct and affairs of the District and shall be binding upon the members of the educational community in the District.
It shall be the Board's responsibility to keep its written policies up-to-date so that they may be used consistently as a basis for Board action and administrative decision.
The Superintendent is given the continuing commission of calling to the Board's attention all policies that are out-of-date or for other reasons appear to need revision.
The Superintendent will establish and maintain a plan for preserving and making accessible the policies adopted by the Board and the regulations needed to put them into effect.
Copies of the Board Policy Manual shall be numbered and distributed to: Superintendent, each Board Member, Secondary Principal, Elementary Principal, School Business Administrator, Extracurricular and Athletics Director, District Clerk, Official District copy (kept in District Office), Junior/Senior High School Faculty copy, Elementary School Faculty copy, School Attorney, and the Director of Curriculum Development and Assessment.
All manuals distributed to anyone will remain the property of the Board. They are subject to periodic recall by the Superintendent for updating.
The Board’s Policy Manual will be considered a public record and will be open for inspection at the District Office.
Education Law Sections 1604(9), 1709(1) and (2) and 2503(2)
Policy 1420 Execution of Policy: Administrative Regulations
The Board shall delegate to the Superintendent the function of specifying required actions and designing the detailed arrangements under which the schools will be operated. These rules and these detailed arrangements shall constitute the administrative regulations governing the schools. They must in every respect be consistent with the policies adopted by the Board. The Board shall be kept informed periodically of changes in administrative regulations.
Policy 1510 Regular Board Meetings
All Board of Education meetings must be open to the public except those portions of the meetings which qualify as executive sessions. A "meeting" is defined as an official convening of a public body for the purpose of conducting public business and a "public body" is defined as an entity of two (2) or more persons which requires a quorum to conduct public business, including committees and subcommittees.
Whenever such a meeting is to take place, there must be at least seventy-two (72) hours advance notice in accordance with the provisions of the Open Meetings Law. Notice of other meetings shall be given as soon as is practicable in accordance with law.
If videoconferencing is used to conduct a meeting, the public notice for the meeting shall inform the public that videoconferencing will be used, identify the locations for the meeting, and state that the public has the right to attend the meeting at any of the locations.
Regular meetings of the Board of Education of Cooperstown Central School District shall take place on the day and time designated by the Board at the Annual Organizational Meeting, except as modified at subsequent meetings of the Board.
It is the responsibility of the Superintendent to prepare the agenda and review it with the Board President for each meeting of the Board. The agenda for each meeting shall be prepared during the week prior to the meeting. The agenda shall be distributed to Board members within required meeting notification. Whenever the President or other members of the Board wish to bring a matter to the attention of the Board, such request should be made to the Superintendent so that the same can be placed on the agenda. Whenever individuals or groups wish to bring a matter to the attention of the Board, such request shall be addressed in writing to the Superintendent. The Superintendent shall present such matter to the Board.
The District Clerk shall notify the members of the Board of Education in advance of each regular meeting. Such notice, in writing, shall include an agenda and the time of the meeting.
In the event that a meeting date falls on a legal holiday, interferes with other area meetings, or there is an inability to attend the meeting by Board members to the extent that a quorum would not be present, the Board shall select a date for a postponed meeting at the previous regular meeting, and shall direct the Clerk to notify all members.
Any meeting of the Board may be adjourned to a given future date and hour if voted by a majority of the Board present.
The Superintendent and members of his/her staff at the Superintendent’s discretion shall attend all meetings of the Board. The Superintendent shall attend all executive session meetings of the Board except those that concern his/her evaluation, employment status, and salary determination. The Board may request the attendance of such additional persons as it desires.
Members of the Board may discuss CSE/CPSE students at regular board meetings as long as they maintain the confidentiality of the student.
Public Officers Law Article 7
Education Law Sections 1708 and 2504
NOTE: Refer also to Policy #1520 — Special Meetings of the Board of Education.
Policy 1511 Agenda Format
For regular Board meetings, the following format is used:
- Call to order;
- Public comments on agenda items;
- Public comments;
- Presentation (if applicable);
- Approval of minutes;
- Operations and Grounds;
- Public relations;
- Administrative matters;
- Other Board matters;
- President’s comments;
- Public comments;
For special and emergency meetings, the regular meeting agenda format shown above may be shortened and/or adapted to fit the purpose of the meeting.
Education Law Section 1606
Public Officers Law Section 104(2) Back to Top
Policy 1520 Special Meetings of the Board of Education
Special meetings of the Board shall be held on call by any member of the Board. A reasonable and good faith effort shall be made by the Superintendent or the Board President, as the case may be, to give every member of the Board twenty-four (24) hours notice of the time, place and purpose of the meeting. All special meetings shall be held at a regular meeting place of the Board and/or in accordance with provisions of the Open Meetings Law as may be applicable.
In an emergency, the twenty-four (24) hour notice may be waived by having each Board member sign a waiver-of-notice form.
Public notice of the time and place shall be given, to the extent practicable, to the news media and shall be conspicuously posted in one (1) or more designated public locations at a reasonable time prior to the meeting.
Education Law Section 1606(3)
Public Officers Law Sections 103 and 104
NOTE: Refer also to Policy #1510 — Regular Board Meetings Back to Top
Policy 1610 Annual District Meeting and Election/Budget Vote
Pursuant to law, the Annual District Meeting and Election/Budget Vote for the School District will be held on the third Tuesday in May. At this time, the District’s registered voters will elect members of the Board of Education and will also vote on the District Budget for the upcoming school year. However, in the event that the third Tuesday in May conflicts with a religious holiday, the School Board may petition the Commissioner of Education to obtain permission to hold the Annual Meeting and Election/Budget Vote on the second Tuesday in May. Such request from the Board of Education must be certified and received by the Commissioner no later than March 1.
The District Clerk shall give notice of the time and place of holding the Annual Meeting and Election/Budget Vote by publishing such notice four (4) times within seven (7) weeks preceding the meeting. The first publication of the notice must be at least forty-five (45) days prior to the meeting. Such notice must appear in two (2) newspapers, if there are two (2) newspapers which have a general circulation within the District, or one (1) newspaper, if there is one (1) newspaper with a general circulation within the District. The notice shall also contain such other information as required by law.
Copies of the proposed annual operating budget for the succeeding year to be voted upon at the Annual Meeting and Election shall be available to District residents, on request, in each District school building during certain designated hours on each day other than a Saturday, Sunday or holiday during the fourteen (14) days preceding such Annual Meeting. The availability of this budget information shall be included in a legal notice of the Annual Meeting; and such copies of the proposed budget will also be available to District residents at the time of the Annual Meeting and Election.
Education Law Sections 1608, 1716, 1804(4), 1906(1),
2003(1), 2004(1), 2017(5) and (6), 2022(1), 2504 and
NOTE: Refer also to Policy #1640 — Absentee Ballots Back to Top
Policy 1611 Business of the Annual District Election
The Board of Education will appoint a qualified voter as chairperson of the Annual District Meeting and Election/Budget Vote.
The chairperson will call the Annual District Meeting to order and proceed to the following order of business:
- Designation of District Clerk as clerk of the election and assistant clerks;
- Designation of tellers and/or inspectors of election as previously appointed by the Board;
- Reading of notice of call of the election by the Clerk;
- Opening of the booths for voting;
- Closing of the booths;
- Receiving the report of the Clerk of the results of the elections;
Education Law Sections 1716, 2025 and 2601-2613 Back to Top
Policy 1620 Annual Organizational Meeting
The Annual Organizational Meeting of the Board of Education shall be held on the first Tuesday in July of each year, unless that day is a legal holiday, in which event it shall be held on the first Wednesday in July.
The Board may pass a resolution, however, to hold its Annual Organizational Meeting at any time during the first fifteen (15) days of July.
The meeting shall be called to order by the Superintendent of Schools who shall act as a Temporary Chairperson. The Board shall proceed to the Election of a President. The President shall then take the chair. The Board shall then elect a Vice-President. Election shall be by a majority vote.
Oath of Office
The Superintendent of Schools shall administer the Oath of Office to the newly elected officers and new members of the Board.
Education Law Sections 1701, 1706, 1707, 1709, 2109, 2502(9) and 2504(1) Back to Top
Policy 1630 Legal Qualifications of Voters at School District Meetings
A person shall be entitled to register and vote at any school meeting for election of members of the Board of Education, and upon all matters which may be brought before such meeting, who is:
- A citizen of the United States;
- Eighteen (18) years of age or older;
- A resident within the District for a period of thirty (30) days preceding the next meeting at which he/she offers to vote.
Any person who would not be qualified to register or vote under the provisions of Sections 5-100 and 5-106 of the Election Law shall not have the right to register for or vote in an election.
Education Law Sections 2012, 2025 and 2603
Election Law Article 5 Back to Top
Policy 1640 Absentee Ballots
The Board of Education authorizes the District Clerk or a Board designee (the latter only if the District does not provide for the personal registration of voters) to provide absentee ballots to qualified District voters. Absentee ballots shall be used for the election of School Board members, School District public library trustees, the adoption of the annual budget and School District public library budget and referendum.
A District voter must request in advance an application for an absentee ballot. The voter must complete the application and state the reason he/she will not be able to appear in person on the day of the District election/vote for which the absentee ballot is requested. The application must be received by the District Clerk or Board designee at least seven (7) days before the election/vote if the ballot is to be mailed to the voter, or the day before the election/vote if the ballot is to be delivered personally to the voter.
Pursuant to the provisions of Education Law, a qualified District voter is eligible to vote by absentee ballot if he/she is unable to appear to vote in person on the day of the School District election/vote because:
- He/she is or will be a patient in a hospital, or is unable to appear personally at the polling place on the day of the election/vote because of illness or physical disability;
- He/she has duties, occupation or business responsibilities, or studies which require being outside of the county or city of residence on the day of the School District election/vote;
- He/she will be on vacation outside of the county or city of residence on the day of such District election/vote;
- He/she will be absent from the voting residence due to detention in jail awaiting action by a grand jury or awaiting trial, or is confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony; or
- He/she will be absent from the School District on the day of the School District election/vote by reason of accompanying spouse, parent or child who is or would be, if he/she were a qualified voter, entitled to apply for the right to vote by absentee ballot.
Statements on the application for absentee ballot must be signed and dated by the voter.
An absentee ballot must reach the office of the District Clerk or Board designee not later than 5 p.m. on the day of the election/vote in order that his/her vote may be canvassed.
A list of all persons to whom absentee ballots have been issued shall be maintained in the office of the District Clerk or Board designee and made available for public inspection during regular office hours until the day of the election/vote. Any qualified voter may, upon examination of such list, file a written challenge of the qualifications as a voter of any person whose name appears on such list, stating the reason for such challenge. The written challenge shall be transmitted by the District Clerk or Board designee to the election inspectors on the day of the District election/vote. In addition, any qualified voter may challenge the acceptance of the absentee voter’s ballot of any person on such list by making his/her reasons known to the election inspector before the close of the polls.
Nursing Homes or Other Qualifying Adult Care Facilities
When the Board of Elections of the county or city in which the School District is located, receives 25 or more absentee ballot applications from a nursing home (or other qualifying adult care facility), the Board of Elections must send election inspectors to the nursing home between one (1) and thirteen (13) days before the election, to supervise the completion of absentee ballots by the residents of that facility. This provision of the Election Law applies to all elections conducted by the School District.
Education Law Sections 1501-c, 2014, 2018-a, 2018-b, and 2613
Election Law Section 8-407 Back to Top
Policy 1650 Submission of Questions and Propositions at Annual Elections and Special District Meetings
Questions and Propositions at Annual District Elections
The following rules and regulations shall apply to the submission of the questions or propositions at the annual elections or special district elections of this School District.
- Questions or propositions shall be submitted by petition directed to the Clerk of the School District and shall be signed by twenty-five (25) qualified voters, or five percent (5%) of the registered voters of the District who voted in the previous annual election of Board members, whichever is greater.
- A separate petition shall be required for each question or proposition.
- Each petition shall be filed with the Clerk of the School District. Petitions relating to an Annual Election must be filed not later than thirty (30) days preceding the election at which the question or proposition is to be voted upon.
- Questions or propositions submitted in accordance with these rules and accepted will be printed on the ballot for the voting machine.
- The Board of Education shall cause the rules and regulations set forth in this policy to be distributed within the District.
- Nothing herein contained shall affect the nominations of candidates as set forth in the Annual District Election notice pursuant to Section 2018 of the Education Law.
Questions or Propositions to be Submitted at Special District Meetings
The procedure for requesting the Board of Education to call a Special District Meeting to vote on a question or proposition shall be in accordance with subdivision 2 of Section 2008 of the Education Law.
Education Law Sections 2008, 2035(2) and 2601-a Back to Top
Policy 1710 Quorum
The quorum for any meeting of the Board shall be four (4) members. No formal action shall be taken at any meeting at which a quorum is not present. When only a quorum exists, the Board shall act by unanimous vote unless otherwise required by the laws of the State of New York.
General Construction Law Section 41 Back to Top
Policy 1720 Minutes
The minutes are a legal record of the activities of the School Board as a public corporation having the specified legal purpose of maintaining public schools. The minutes of all meetings shall be kept by the Clerk or, in his/her absence, by the Superintendent or his/her designee. The minutes shall be complete and accurate and stored in a minutes file. However, minutes of executive sessions need not include any matter which is not required to be made public by the Freedom of Information Law.
The minutes of each meeting of the Board of Education shall state:
- The type of meeting;
- The date, time of convening, and adjournment;
- Board members present and absent;
- Board members’ arrival and departure time, if different from opening or adjournment times;
- All action taken by the Board, with evidence of those voting in the affirmative and the negative, and those abstaining;
- The nature of events that transpire, in general terms of reference.
Communications and other documents that are too long and bulky to be included in the minutes shall be referred to in the minutes and shall be filed in the District Office.
All Board minutes shall be signed by the District Clerk when approved and stored in a locked room or locked file cabinet. Unless otherwise provided by law, minutes shall be available to the public within two (2) weeks following the date of a meeting; draft copies, so marked, are acceptable, subject to correction.
Minutes of Executive Sessions
Minutes shall be taken at executive sessions of any action that is taken by formal vote. The minutes shall consist of a record or summary of the final determination of such action, the date and the vote. However, such summary need not include any matter which is not required to be made public by the Freedom of Information Law (FOIL).
If action is taken by a formal vote in executive session, minutes shall be available to the public within one (1) week of the date of the executive session.
Action shall, unless otherwise ordered, be by a voice vote. In the event of a non-unanimous vote, the Board shall be polled and the vote of each member upon any question shall be entered upon the record.
Education Law Section 2121
Public Officers Law Section 106 Back to Top
Policy 1730 Executive Sessions
Upon a majority vote of its total membership, taken in an open meeting pursuant to a motion identifying the area or areas of the subject or subjects to be considered, the Board of Education may conduct an executive session for discussion of the below enumerated purposes only, provided, however, that no action by formal vote shall be taken except on an Education Law Section 3020-a probable cause finding. For all other purposes, the action by formal vote shall be taken in open meeting and properly recorded in the minutes of the meeting.
- Matters that will imperil the public safety if disclosed;
- Any matter that may disclose the identity of a law enforcement agent or informer;
- Information relating to current or future investigation or prosecution of a criminal offense that would imperil effective law enforcement if disclosed;
- Discussions regarding proposed, pending or current litigation;
- Collective negotiations pursuant to Article 14 of the Civil Service Law;
- Medical, financial, credit or employment history of any particular person or corporation, or matters leading to the appointment, employment, promotion, demotion, discipline, suspension, dismissal or removal of any particular person or corporation;
- Preparation, grading or administration of examinations;
- Proposed acquisition, sale or lease of real property or the proposed acquisition of securities, or sale or exchange of securities, but only when publicity would substantially affect the value thereof.
Matters discussed in executive sessions must be treated as confidential; that is, never discussed outside of that executive session.
Public Officers Law Article 7
Education Law Section 3020-a
NOTE: Refer also to Policy #1510 – Regular Board Meetings